OARS Tokens & MI Rulers (MI skills practice resources) | HMA

OARS Tokens & MI Rulers (MI skills practice resources)

Author: HMA
Published: 2016



OARS Tokens

Open questions, affirmations, reflective listening, and summary reflections (OARS) are the basic interaction techniques and skills that are utilised within a Motivational Interviewing approach. The HMA OARS Tokens provide a way in which MI practitioners can sharpen their skills around the use of OARS.

MI Rulers

The use of MI Rulers (scaling questions) invites clients to perceive issues on a continuum. Scaling questions typically ask clients to consider their position on a scale 1 to 10, with one being the least desirable situation and 10 being the most desirable. Scaling questions can be a helpful way to establish a baseline position, track progress toward goals and monitor incremental change.

Both the OARS Tokens and the MI Rulers can be used in a variety of different ways within various settings (including using rulers with clients) depending on the needs of practitioners and organisations as a whole.

Each set contains a set of OARS Tokens, as detailed below, and 4 MI rulers (Importance, Confidence, Openness and Readiness) on 2 cards (doubles sided).

  • 6 x ‘R’ Tokens (Reflections)
  • 4 x ‘O’ Tokens (Open ended questions)
  • 2 x ‘A’ Tokens (Affirmations)
  • 2 x ‘S’ Tokens (Summaries)



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